What system does the Bahá’í Encyclopedia Project use for citing scripture and other authoritative texts?

Bahá’í authoritative texts have been published in many editions. Citations in the articles published by the Encyclopedia Project generally refer to the most current edition and printing of works of Bahá'í scripture and other authoritative texts. If possible, citations are from works published by the Bahá'í Publishing Trust of the United States or its trade imprint, Bahá'í Publishing. This publisher offers the most comprehensive and frequently reprinted selection of Bahá'í authoritative texts.

Printing dates are provided because new printings may include corrections or revisions.

The citations include, whenever possible, additional information that may help the reader locate the passage in the cited edition, as well as in older editions or editions from other publishers. The additional information includes excerpt numbers, section numbers, and paragraph numbers. Page numbers are indicated at the end of the citation.

The following list explains how to read sample citations that include numbers in addition to the page numbers.

WORKS BY BAHÁ'U'LLÁH

Bahá’u’lláh, Gleanings from the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh, trans. Shoghi Effendi, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1983, 2005 printing) 73: 140–41. [Numbered excerpt 73 (LXXIII in text) on pages 140–41.]

Bahá'u'lláh, The Kitáb-i-Aqdas: The Most Holy Book, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1993, 2005 printing) ¶91–93: 54–55; n66: 197–98; q15: 111. [Numbered paragraphs 91–93 on pages 54–55; note 66 on pages 197–98; question 15 on page 111.]

Bahá'u'lláh, Kitáb-i-Íqán: The Book of Certitude, trans. Shoghi Effendi, new pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 2003, 2005 printing) 278: 231. [Numbered paragraph 278 on page 231.]

Bahá'u'lláh, The Summons of the Lord of Hosts: Tablets of Bahá'u'lláh, 1st Bahá'í Publishing ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing, 2006) 25–26: 20–21. [Numbered paragraphs 25–26 on pages 20–21.]

Bahá'u'lláh, Tablets of Bahá'u'lláh Revealed after the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, comp. Research Department of the Universal House of Justice, trans. Habib Taherzadeh, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1988, 2005 printing) 7: 83. [Tablet 7, page 83.]

WORKS BY THE BÁB

Báb, Persian Bayán.
Citations of untranslated and unpublished selections from the Bayán provide the numbers for the váhid ("unity," a section) and chapter (e.g., 3:11).

Báb, Selections from the Writings of the Báb, comp. Research Department of the Universal House of Justice, trans. Habib Taherzadeh, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 2006) 3:8.2: 107. [Numbered excerpt 3:8, numbered paragraph 2, on page 107.]

WORKS BY ‘ABDU’L-BAHÁ

‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Memorials of the Faithful, trans. Marzieh Gail, 1st softcover ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1997) 34.7: 88. [Numbered paragraph 34.7 on page 88.]

‘Abdu’l-Bahá, The Promulgation of Universal Peace: Talks Delivered by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá during His Visit to the United States and Canada in 1912, comp. Howard MacNutt, new ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá’í Publishing Trust, 2007) 8: 155–56. [Numbered paragraph 8 on pages 155–56.]

‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Selections from the Writings of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, comp. Research Department of the Universal House of Justice, trans. Committee at the Bahá’í World Center and Marzieh Gail, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá’í Publishing Trust, 1996, 2004 printing) 44.1: 93. [Numbered paragraph 44.1 on page 93.]

‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Some Answered Questions, comp. and trans. Laura Clifford Barney, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá’í Publishing Trust, 1984, 2008 printing) 57: 212. [Numbered section 57 on page 212.]

‘Abdu’l-Bahá, Tablets of the Divine Plan, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá’í Publishing Trust, 1993, 2006 printing) 7.8: 41–42. [Numbered tablet 7, numbered paragraph 8, on pages 41–42.]

WORKS BY SHOGHI EFFENDI

Shoghi Effendi, The Advent of Divine Justice, 1st pocket-size ed. (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1990, 2006 printing) 17: 13–15. [Numbered paragraph 17 on pages 13–15.]

Shoghi Effendi, Directives from the Guardian, comp. Gertrude Garrida (New Delhi: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1973) 136: 50. [Numbered excerpt 136 on page 50.]

Shoghi Effendi, This Decisive Hour: Messages from Shoghi Effendi to the North American Bahá’ís, 1932–1946 (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá’í Publishing Trust, 2002) 64.9–10: 46–47. [Numbered paragraphs 64.9–64.10 on pages 46–47.]

WORKS BY THE UNIVERSAL HOUSE OF JUSTICE

Universal House of Justice, Messages from the Universal House of Justice, 1963-1986: The Third Epoch of the Formative Age (Wilmette, IL, USA: Bahá'í Publishing Trust, 1996) 20.9: 45. [Numbered paragraph 20.9 on page 45.]

COMPILATIONS

The Compilation of Compilations, comp. Universal House of Justice, vol. 1 (Maryborough, VIC: Bahá’í Publications Australia, 1991) 622: 277–78. [Numbered excerpt 622 on pages 277–78. Note: the volume number appears before the publishing information.]